Author Archives: bizcombuzz

Which Is It–i.e. or e.g.?

[Instructors: Download PDFs of the exercise and suggested solutions at the end of the post.]

Image from Bird GEI

The Latin abbreviations i.e.and e.g.are often confused because although they do not mean the exact same thing, they are closely related.

I.e. is the abbreviation for id est, or in English, that is. It is another way to say in other wordsand is used to introduce further clarification.

Example: My job requires good communication skills, i.e., clear writing and fluent conversing.

E.g. stands for the Latin exempli gratia, or in English, for example, and is used to introduce an example.

Example: I enjoy team sports, e.g., field hockey and basketball.

Follow these rules when using i.e. and e.g.

  • Never italicize i.e. or e.g.
  • Always include periods after each letter.
  • Do not start a sentence with i.e. or e.g.
  • Place a comma before and after the abbreviation.

Your task. In the sentences below, choose the correct abbreviation, i.e. or e.g.

  1. As an ER nurse, Joe works the late shift, (i.e. or e.g.), from 12 am to 8 am.
  2. The Winter Olympics include a variety of outdoor activities, (i.e. or e.g.), luge, freestyle skiing, and speed skating.
  3. As sea levels continue to rise, many American cities will be affected, (i.e. or e.g.) New Orleans, New York City, and San Diego.
  4. In addition to hiking and painting, I regularly participate in self-supported bicycle touring, (i.e. or e.g.), traveling hundreds of miles with all my camping equipment.
  5. The marketing team will require only the basic presentation materials for the Atlanta trip (i.e. or e.g.), Product Benefits PowerPoint and Competitor Comparison Checklist.
  6. We eliminated the Cronos shoe from our upcoming catalog after customer complaints pointed us to a significant quality issue, (i.e. or e.g.), the red ink was not colorfast.
  7. I will be traveling on business to three big cities, (i.e. or e.g.), Atlanta, Austin, and Denver.
  8. Our new product line will introduce many new flavors, (i.e. or e.g.), mango chutney, maple walnut, and peach cream.
  9. The hotel offers an array of business services, (i.e. or e.g.), free Wi-Fi, copying, and faxing.
  10. Some African countries, (i.e. or e.g.), Nigeria, South Africa, and Egypt, had a high GDP.

Which Is It Exercise

Which Is It Answer Key


The Collision of Religion and the Workplace

Dealing with religious matters in the workplace is such hot-button issue that a Harvard lecturer labeled it “one of the last taboos.” Yet deal with the matter businesses must, because religious discrimination is a reality that managers are being forced to confront. The problem is that most companies do not have policies in place to do so.

Recent cases about religious discrimination in the workplace have made their way to the Supreme Court, reinforcing the urgency of this situation. One of the most high-profile suits involved a 17-year-old girl whose job application was rejected by Abercrombie & Fitch because she wore a hijab. The fashion retailer claimed her religious headdress went counter to its dress code and brand identity because Abercrombie’s image is clearly defined to market to “cool, good-looking people.”

The Supreme Court ruled in favor of the young woman, citing Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, which states it is illegal to “refuse to hire… because of … individuals’ race, color, religion, sex, or national origin.” However, on appeal, the decision was reversed in favor of Abercrombie. The basis of the reversal was that the woman should have made her need for religious accommodation clear when she originally applied for the position.

This back and forth highlights just how problematic the issue is. Many organizations feel justified to create policies that reinforce their brand, as Abercrombie did. However, employers’ policies do not trump the individual’s right to religious freedom, and that is where the problem lies.

Legal experts note that the law does not require employers to honor every request about religious issues an employee requests; they just have to make “reasonable accommodations.” In the end, however, experts point out that employers always look for a good fit with their employees. Experts point out that employers always look for new-hires who get along and can work with their existing employees. The question is whether this understandable desire for “finding a good fit” could lead to discrimination, and whether “reasonable accommodations” is easy to define.


  1. What could be the advantages of hiring people from minority religious affiliations and backgrounds?
  2. What might be potential challenges?
  3. Why do you think more issues surrounding religion in the workplace are cropping up now?

From Harvard Business Review



Requesting a Letter of Recommendation

E-mails requesting a letter of recommendation for graduate school applications, jobs, or internships should be polished and well-constructed. Follow the pointers below to help compose an e-mail that will make a good impression on a former or current instructor.

  • Request letters from instructors who know you beyond attendance in a class and are likely to remember you, if you took the class more than a year earlier.
  • Write in a conversational yet professional tone.
  • Use a proper salutation, such as Dear Professor Sandoval or Dear Dr. Wilson, if the instructor has a doctorate.
  • Include a photo to help the instructor recall who you are and a copy of the job/internship description if applying for a position.
  • Provide all the information the professor will need to write the letter including: (a) memory jog of the class you took, which term, grade received, classroom participation, and any specific interactions you had with the instructor; (b) current résumé; (c) explanation of the reason for the letter; (d) when and how the letter is to be submitted. Note: never assume a quick turnaround. Professors are busy. Give the instructor two to four weeks to compose the letter.
  • Thank the instructor for taking the time to write a letter in a sincere fashion by avoiding cloying clichés such as “Because I learned so much from your class… “

Your task. Analyze the request for a letter of recommendation below. Then rewrite it using your own situation.

Hey, Liliana!

Howzit? I hope you had an awesome time on that trip you talked to us about in class! Since you were one of my favorite profs EVER 😊I was hoping you’d write me a letter of rec for this job I’m applying for. I really loved your class and learned so much in it. I need the letter like really soon, so if you could send it to by the end of this week, that would be really cool! Call me at 509-667-3422 if you need anything.

Thanks for your help!


Classroom Exercise Letter of Recommendation

Suggested Solution